Gongbu is a specifically timed devotional incantation ritual held at the Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex which hastens the opening up of the coming Earthly Paradise reciting incantations at certain places and times in a specified way. Gongbu is divided into sihak, sibeop, which are different ways to chant incantations in specifically designated places and in accordance with designated methods. Gongbu, the most important form of spiritual cultivation, is performed by a team of 36 participants who devotedly recite certain incantations by turns for 24 hours without a break. It has been carried out since the Summer Solstice of 1991 and continues into the present day.▪
Gido (prayer) is the practice of reciting prayerful incantations at designated places or at home every day at designated time. It is divided into daily prayer and weekly prayer. The daily prayer is practiced at 1 am, 7 am, 1 pm, and 7 pm everyday whereas the weekly one is practiced at 5 am, 11 am, 5 pm, and 11 pm on gab and gi days*.▪
Spiritual Training refers to chanting the Tae-eul mantra without a designated place or time.▪
Chiseong (Devotional Offering)
Chiseong (Devotional Offering) is a ritual ceremony which is carried out in an elaborate and collective manner. It conveys one's gratitude with utmost sincerity for divine grace and for the protective actions of the Great Deities of Heaven and Earth including Sangje who take care of human beings. Chiseong includes bowing, prayer, chanting, etc. The participants show their utmost sincerity and propriety during the ceremony. Chiseong is over after they finish partaking sacrificial food and drink together.
Devotional Offerings are held on the dates of birth and passing of Kang Jeungsan and Jo Jeongsan and of major religious events (for instance, the day when Sangje was enshrined at Yeongdae*) in the history of the movement, as well as on dates related to seasonal divisions, especially the Winter solstice, the Summer solstice, and the beginnings of Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter. Most Devotional Offerings are performed at Yeoju Headquarters Temple Complex.
( A metaphoric visual representation of cultivation in Daesoon Jinrihoe )
*The Three Bonds and Five Relationships: in Confucianism, these are the five basic human relationships through which a harmonious society and nation are realized.